What Are the Spring and Swing Check Valves?

In this blog post, you’ll read:It is a valve that ensures a unidirectional stream and stops the reverse flow. Yet, one outlet and inlet should be put in a direction to work accurately. A bolt that focuses in the stream direction is on the side of the spring check valve and all check valves. Spring check valves are alluded to as one-way or non-return valves. A spring check valve aims to stop the reverse use of a spring and strain put on a disc to close the valve.
Table of Contents

What is a Spring Check Valve?

It is a valve that ensures a unidirectional stream and stops the reverse flow. Yet, one outlet and inlet should be put in a direction to work accurately. A bolt that focuses in the stream direction is on the side of the spring check valve and all check valves. Spring check valves are alluded to as one-way or non-return valves. A spring check valve aims to stop the reverse use of a spring and strain put on a disc to close the valve.

For a spring check valve to work, it must have a differential pressure with a stream moving from high to low pressure. Increased pressure on the inner side permits the stream to move through the valve. Yet, this beat the strength of the spring in the valve.

What is a Swing Check Valve?

Swing Non-return Check Valve 0618e
Swing Non-return Check Valve

Swing check valves permit stream in one course and automatically close. Yet, this closes when the cracking pressure reduces. They are butterfly valves with a plate that covers the valve opening. Yet, the disc connects to a pivot to such an extent that it can open up or close when the flow of the media strikes it. A bolt on the valve body shows the stream’s course as it enters and leaves the valve.

The pressure level of the stream pushes the disc to open, permitting the stream to pass. When the stream moves course, the disc closes because of the power of the fluid or media pushing against it.

Swing check valves don’t need external power. Yet, the media or fluid moves through them unhindered by their presence. They are installed horizontally in pipelines. Yet they installed vertically, the length of the stream is upward.

brass swing check valve dimension
brass swing check valve dimension

Materials for Making Swing and Spring Check Valves

The kinds of material and pressure that spring and swing check valves ensure that they are made of materials. It will make it capable of enduring an application’s demanding conditions and necessities. The selection process of materials to make swing and spring check valves relies upon the

  • temperature
  • media
  • corrosion
  • pressure.

The choice of materials includes how much wear the valve will confront. With specific rigid materials, the end product’s price is costlier than others.

ductile iron check valve
ductile iron check valve

Spring and Swing Check Valve Materials


Brass spring and swing check valves can endure high temperatures and pressure. They are more affordable than steel, ready to be molded, and regular to fit any check valve—brass check valves associated with plastic, welded steel, brass, copper, and aluminum.

Ductile Iron

The accessibility of iron and its minimal cost make it an ideal material for making these valves. It has excellent shock absorption but unfortunate corrosion resistance.

Stainless Steel

Stainless steel is used for making spring and swing check valves. Its many properties include its protection from corrosion. This makes it an excellent metal for a wide check valve application.

Bronze Materials

inline spring loaded check valve
Inline spring loaded check valve

Bronze has many characteristics that make it an ideal material for making spring and swing check valves. It has high malleability to corrosion resistance, stops cracking, and is minimal price.

Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)

The principal charm of PVC check valves is their

  • versatility
  • toughness
  • lightweight
  • scraped spot obstruction.

As a plastic, PVC isn’t susceptible to corrosion, rust, or other damaging factors usual to specific metals. The uncommon sturdiness of PVC ensures its long existence of value. PVC spring and swing check valves are famous because they are so realistic to introduce.

The versatility of PVC makes it conceivable to produce spring and swing check valves. With this material, many sizes are made that fit the needs of many applications. A typical use of PVC swing check valves is in the pumping framework.

Kinds of Spring and Swing Check Valve Connections

Spring and swing check valves can be connected to a pipeline in many ways. The vital variable for hooking the valve and the channel is to avoid spillage. There are many ways that connections can be made. This includes press, sweat, flanged, welded, and threaded.

Every of the different connection structures ensures a tight fit between the swing and spring. It will help if you check the valve and the funneling framework. Picking the right strategy for connection is fundamental for using the valves.

spring check non return valve
spring check non return valve

Connections for Spring and Swing Check Valves

Flanged Connection

Flanged connections are the most vigorous and capable of connecting with any channeling framework. Yet, regardless of pressure or valve size. They have two flanges, one at the outlet and one in an inlet, connected using bolts.

Threaded Connection

Threaded connections are an essential type of valve-to-pipe connection way. They are utilized with little valves in low-pressure frameworks. As the term threaded shows, they screw onto a threaded line to shape a tight and secure connection.

Welded Connection

A welded connection is used to frame a tighter, leak-free joint link. This connection swing and spring valve method are costlier. Yet, it ensures a close, secure, and excellent connection between the valve and the pipeline. The welded connection is used where the absence of spillage is critical—for example, in high-temperature and pressure pipelines.

Sweat Fitting

The swing or spring check valve openings are more significant than the line for a sweat fitting. They slip the line and use it with the end terminus, leaking the hole between the pipe and the valve fitting. This is performed with copper piping.

Press Fittings

Press fittings are an option in contrast to soldering and welding. A hydraulic press planned connectors to join the spring or swing valve to the pipeline. A fixing component, when pressed, makes an even, smooth, and solid connection. They are also called crimping and press connect joining creasing.

Swing or Spring Check Valve: Which One Is Better?

A valve is a helpful device to control fluid or gas flow. They assume a significant part in endless pipelines and cycle systems. Yet, they are generally used to change stream and pressure. It begins or stops the stream or forestalls the reverse in the system. Swing and spring check valves are two standard valve types that are generally used.

From HardHat Engineer

The swing check valve uses a swing fold to stop the stream in a flat forward stream system. Spring check valves can stop switch streams, in which case a spring-stacked unclogged use. Understanding the distinction between these two valves is vital before buying and using them. Yet, the difference assists with deciding the best valve for a particular application.

Swing check valve: In this valve, the flapper will swing to permit liquid or gas to stream forward. When the stream should be halted, the confound will swing back to the valve seat. It closes the valve as the system pressure diminishes. The swing check valve is attractive because of its large stream.  

As the valve requires a swing to work, the swing check valve is restricted to an even stream or vertical stream. A swing check valve is reasonable for different media, including fluid and gas. The general application for swing check valves includes;

  • flow control of the sewage system
  • bath flushing instruments.

Spring check valves contain an enormous fitting and empty body. This will permit the valve to hold the pressure from the spring. When the liquids flow at high strain, the power will defeat the pressure from the spring to open the fitting, permitting the expected stream.  

Unlike swing check valves, the noise level of spring check valves is deficient. They can limit the sound and disastrous impacts of water hammers. This kind of valve works in vertical applications. Yet, it uses a spring to close the valve instead of depending on gravity and pressure.

Video link

How Swing Check Valves Work from saVRee

What is the application of the spring check valve?

Spring check valves are great for different purposes in water lines and systems. This kind of valve protects gear from harm by reverse. It decreases the chance of framework margin time and likely staining. Besides, this specific valve can deliver the system pressure for a more secure environment. This environment is for the ordinary activity of the system.

The inward spring improves the sealing and the prompt shutting execution of the check valve. So, it is appropriate for establishment in any vertical and horizontal position. Additionally, it eliminates gravity’s impact on the check valve’s attributes. If no spring applies, gravity and the upward heading of the check valve might turn into the critical variables for typical activity.

Torque Settings during the installation of spring check valves

¾ “100mn
1 ¼ “160nm
1 ½ “200nm
2 ½”300nm
Spring check Valve’s Torque

Maintenance of spring check valves

Standard upkeep is the most proficient way to ensure longer-term operational productivity. It recommends that valves be visually checked for releases within the first year. Yet, the total passage cycle is completed to check valves and keep the scale from shaping at the regular time. Yet, where a valve works under outrageous circumstances, it is prescribed to look at it as often as possible.

Sealing of spring check valves

Two kinds of sealing are available: soft seats and metal seat metal seats. What is the difference between these two?

Soft seats

Soft seats are generally made of a thermoplastic material, like PTFE or Viton. They are ideal for applications where substance similarity is significant for tight sealing. Yet, it also empowers the valve to do a high-sealing execution. In any case, applying soft valve seats for messy or worn process liquids isn’t suggested. Yet, the seals might be harmed and cause valve spillage under these circumstances.

Metal seats

The most benefit of metal seats is the capacity to endure;

  • high temperatures
  • working pressure
  • cruel working circumstances.  

The metal seat can withstand flashing, hydraulic shock, and abrasive process fluids. The temperatures for this will be up to 573°C (1,000°F). They are appropriate for high corrosive or corrosive applications. Regardless, it offers poor sealing execution between metal and metal. This poor sealing makes it easy to spill.

Application of Swing Check Valves

400 wog check valve
400 wog check valve

Made of metal or PVC, swing check valves best suit pipes with consistent liquid flow. Repeated abrupt pressure changes might harm the swing looking at valves. Yet, the result is spilling because the valve can’t seal against the seat. Here are some applications of swing check valve

Natural gas transmission. Swing check valves assist with forestalling the improper flow of gas. This will cause leaks or blazes. These valves see wide use in gas pipelines, residential and commercial gas meters, gas compressors, and more.

Oil and gas refineries. Refineries use planned non-hammer slam check valves to relieve water hammer. The pressure wave is made in the framework by a slumming valve.

Horizontal water lines. Swing check valves are ideal for high-volume, reliable pressure liquid circumstances. They’re the most well-known valves utilized in wastewater treatment and water siphoning.

Designs of Swing Check Valves

y type swing check valve
y type swing check valve


There are two designs of swing check valves: the straight flow type, and the Y-type. The valve construction and part configuration are basic and straightforward to keep up with. A giant valve bonnet permits simple admittance to the valve internals (trim). This will make repairing the valve seat rings and disc likely without expecting to supplant the whole valve.

Solutions For Waterworks Plumbing

Get quote Now

Free Sample with OEM

× How can I help you?