What is the Strainer
A strainer is typically a simple, coarse mesh or perforated screen that removes large particles or debris from a fluid. For example, a kitchen strainer might remove seeds or pulp from fruit juice. A plumbing system might use a strainer to prevent large debris particles from clogging pipes or valves. Strainers are often used to protect downstream equipment such as pumps, valves, and meters.
What is the Filter
On the other hand, a filter is a more complex device designed to remove smaller particles and a more comprehensive range of contaminants from a fluid. Filters can use various media types, such as activated carbon, ceramic, or membranes, to remove impurities. Filters are commonly used in water treatment, HVAC, and industrial processes to remove contaminants and improve fluid quality.
Note: While there is some overlap among the functions of filters and strainers, the terms are often used to describe different types of devices with various applications.
Strainer Vs. Filter: What is the Difference
How Does the Filter Work?
How a filter works depends on its design and the type of media used. However, a filter generally passes fluid through a medium that traps or removes impurities.
For example, consider a primary water filter using activated carbon. Activated carbon filters attract and adsorb impurities such as chlorine, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and sediment. When water passes through the activated carbon filter medium, the contaminants are attracted to the surface of the carbon and become trapped.
As the filter medium becomes saturated with impurities over time, the filter’s effectiveness will gradually decrease. To maintain the filter’s effectiveness, the filter medium must be periodically replaced or cleaned.
Other filters, such as reverse osmosis filters, use a semipermeable membrane to eliminate a wide range of contaminants, including dissolved salts, minerals, and heavy metals. These filters apply pressure to the fluid, forcing it through the membrane, trapping the impurities, and allowing clean water to pass through.
How do Strainers Work?
Strainers block larger particles or debris from passing through a system or entering downstream equipment. They are typically designed with a coarse mesh or perforated screen sized to capture the larger particles while allowing the fluid to pass through.
For example, in a plumbing system, a strainer might be installed in a water line to prevent larger particles of debris, such as rust or sand, from entering the piping and causing damage to downstream equipment such as valves, meters, or pumps. The strainer will typically be designed with a mesh or screen sized to capture the expected particles without significantly impeding the water flow.
The effectiveness of a strainer depends on its design, the size and shape of the particles being captured, and the flow rate of the fluid. Over time, a strainer can become clogged with captured debris, reducing its effectiveness and increasing the pressure drop across the strainer. Yet to maintain the strainer’s effectiveness, it must be periodically cleaned or replaced.
Strainer Mesh Guide
|Mesh Size||Micron Rating||Gap Size mm||Gap Size inch|
|20 Mesh||740 microns||0.74 mm||0.030 in|
|30 Mesh||500 microns||0.50 mm||0.020 in|
|40 Mesh||400 microns||0.40 mm||0.015 in|
|60 Mesh||250 microns||0.25 mm||0.010 in|
|80 Mesh||200 microns||0.20 mm||0.008 in|
|100 Mesh||150 microns||0.15 mm||0.006 in|
|120 Mesh||125 microns||0.125 mm||0.005 in|
|150 Mesh||100 microns||0.10 mm||0.0039 in|
Filter vs. Strainer: Design Construction
Filters are designed to remove particles and contaminants from a fluid by catching them within a filter media. Filters can be constructed in several ways, but the most common types include:
Cartridge filters: These cylinder filters use filter media to catch particles as the fluid moves through them. Cartridge filters are often used in home water filtering systems. They can be made of paper, fabric, or activated carbon, among other things.
Bag filters use a filter medium like a bag to catch particles as the fluid moves through them. Bag screens are often used in factories and can be made of either nylon or polyester.
Membrane filters use a semi-permeable barrier to keep particles out of a liquid. Membrane filters are often used to clean water and in the pharmaceutical and biotech businesses.
Strainers, conversely, are designed to remove larger particles or debris from a fluid by physically blocking them from passing through. Strainers can be constructed in several ways, but the most common types include:
- Y-strainers: These are strainers that are shaped like a Y and are typically installed in a pipeline to remove debris before it reaches downstream equipment. Y-strainers are commonly made of stainless steel, bronze, or plastic materials.
- Basket strainers: This type of strainer uses a basket-shaped screen to capture debris as the fluid passes through them. Basket strainers are commonly used in industrial applications, such as chemical or oil and gas.
- T-strainers: These are strainers that are shaped like a T and are typically installed in a pipeline to remove debris before it reaches downstream equipment. T-strainers are commonly made of stainless steel, bronze, or plastic materials.
- Duplex strainers:
These strainers have two parallel strainer bodies and are commonly used in applications where continuous flow is critical.
- Inline strainers: These strainers are designed to be installed directly in a pipeline and are often used in applications with higher flow rates.
Strainer vs. Filter: Material
The material used in strainers and filters is essential, as it can affect the device’s effectiveness and durability. The choice of material can vary depending on the type of fluid being filtered or strained, the operating conditions of the system, and other factors.
Filters can be made from a variety of materials, including:
Cloth: Cloth filters are versatile and can be used to filter both air and liquids. They may store a lot of dust and dirt and can be used more than once.
Filters composed of metal mesh are commonly employed in the chemical and petrochemical sectors, where high temperatures and pressures are commonplace. They have a long lifespan and can keep working no matter how rough the conditions are.
Porous ceramics are employed as filters for high-temperature applications, where gases and liquids must be filtered. They are highly stable at high temperatures and can function under harsh situations.
Stainless steel: The best stainless steel is long-lasting and corrosion-resistant. This makes them perfect for use with acidic or corrosive fluids.
Bronze: Strainers made of bronze, commonly used in marine applications because of their resistance to seawater, are another popular choice.
Plastic: plastic strainers are frequently employed in the pharmaceutical and food industries due to their high level of chemical resistance.
Filter vs. Strainer: Lifespan
Because they are designed to capture smaller particulate and offer a higher level of filtration, filters typically have a longer lifespan than strainers. The filter has a lifespan of 3-5 years. For instance, disposable paper filters may need to be replaced every few weeks, whereas reusable metal mesh filters can last many years with appropriate care.
Strainers have a shorter lifecycle than filters because they are designed to capture larger particles and are less effective at removing smaller ones. The average lifespan of a strainer is 2-3 years. A basket strainer may only last a few months in a high-flow application. However, with appropriate maintenance, the Y-strainer can last for years.
Filter vs. Strainer: Application
Filters and strainers are used in various applications to remove particles from fluids. Still, they are often used in different contexts depending on the fluid’s nature and the application’s specific requirements.
When a high level of particle removal is necessary or when the particles are too fine to be removed with a strainer, filters are often used. Filters are used in many different environments.
Filters are widely employed in municipal water treatment plants to remove sediment and other impurities from the water supply before it is distributed to residents.
Filters are used in engines, hydraulic systems, and other industrial equipment to filter trash and particles from fluids, protecting the equipment from harm and extending its lifespan.
Air purifiers and heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems use filters to clean the air and make it improved.
Strainers are commonly utilized when the particles to be removed are large enough to be captured by a mesh or screen. Strainers are frequently used for;
- One common purpose for strainers is to keep pumps from clogging by dirt and other big particles.
- To filter out detritus, strainers are frequently installed in the water intake systems of cooling towers, condensers, and other industrial machinery.
Factors to Consider When Selecting a Strainer or Filter
In selecting a quality strainer and filter, several factors must be considered to make sure that the device will be effective and appropriate for your application. Here are some of the most vital factors to consider:
Type of Fluid: The fluid being filtered or strained is a critical consideration. Different fluids can have different properties that can affect the choice of strainer or filter. For example, if the fluid is corrosive, the strainer or filter must be made from a material that can withstand the corrosive environment.
Flow Rate: The device must handle the required flow rate without causing significant pressure drop or flow restriction.
Particle Size: If the particles are very small, a filter with a smaller pore size may be required. A larger mesh or screen strainer may be sufficient if the particles are larger.
Pressure Drop: The pressure drop across the strainer or filter is an important consideration, as it can affect the flow rate and efficiency of the system. A strainer or filter with a high-pressure drop may require a more powerful pump or compressor to maintain the required flow rate.
Operating Conditions: The operating conditions of the system, such as temperature, pressure, and humidity, can also affect the choice of strainer or filter. The device must operate effectively and safely under the expected conditions.
Maintenance: The maintenance requirements of the strainer or filter should also be considered. Some devices may require frequent cleaning or replacement of filter media, while others may be more maintenance-free.
Filter vs. strainers: Why do they fail?
Filters and strainers may fail for numerous reasons depending on the application and operating conditions. Among the most common causes of failure are:
The most frequent cause of filter and strainer failure is clogging, when the filter media or mesh becomes clogged with particulate. This can impact the system’s overall efficacy by decreasing the flow rate and pressure drop across the device.
Bypassing is another cause of failure, which occurs when fluid can bypass the filter or strainer due to a faulty seal or a damaged component. This may cause unfiltered or unstrained fluid to pass through the system, resulting in equipment damage or system failure.
Physical damage, such as cracks or breaches in the housing, mesh, or media, can also cause the failure of both filters and strainers. This may be the result of corrosion or other factors.
Filters and strainers are susceptible to failure if overloaded with particles or residue that exceed their capacity. This may result in device injury or a decrease in flow rate.
Chemical attack: Filters and strainers can fail when exposed to compounds incompatible with the device’s material. This may result in corrosion, deterioration, or other types of device damage.
To prevent failure, it is vital to choose the right type of filter or strainer for the application and to ensure that it is properly installed, maintained, and replaced as needed. It is also essential to monitor the device’s performance regularly to detect any signs of clogging, damage, or other issues before they lead to system failure.