6 Main Types of Gas Shut Off Valves

In this blog post, you’ll read:Gas shut off valves—you predicted it. They are on the primary gas supply line and appliances that depend on natural gas. However, valves are not universal; particular applications distinct types of gas shut off valves. To know when and how to use each valve, it is critical to have a fundamental understanding.
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Gas shut-off valves are of superior importance in controlling gas flow. They act as proactive preventative measures for your plumbing system. However, what is their significance?

In distributing natural gas to appliances, valves perform a vital role. You must immediately halt gas flow if a spill occurs. What is the necessary tool for that?

Gas shut-off valves—you predicted it. They are on the primary gas supply line and appliances that depend on natural gas.

However, valves are not universal; particular applications have distinct types of gas shut off valves. To know when and how to use each valve, it is critical to have a fundamental understanding.

Understanding the Working of a Gas Shut-off Valves

Gas shut off ball valve
Gas shut off the ball valve.

For example, you can find the gas valve on the side of the house by the stovetop. When you turn the lever to ignite the range, it opens the natural gas shut-off valve. As a result, the natural gas is capable of traversing the appliance.

The dial controls the flow rate; turning it further discharges more gas. After finishing, reverse the direction of the valve to close it.

This fundamental operation is critical for the security and functionality of the household, including all appliances. However, remember that tweaking controls is not the sole aspect involved.

Diverse categories of gas shut-off valves function in distinct ways. While some may use a lever, others will need a tool. Understanding what one is grappling with is crucial.

Why We Need Different Types of Gas Shut-off Valves 

Many types of gas shut-off valves exist, each with its task. However, why are there various types?

To put it simply, various appliances and systems have distinct needs. For instance, a furnace might require a different type of valve than a water heater. Likewise, residential and industrial applications may differ.

6 Main Types of Gas Shutoff Valves

Gate Valves: Most Used Gas Valve

Gate valves for gas
Gate valves for gas

As their name implies, these valves function similarly to gates, permitting gas passage while sealing to obstruct it.

Gate valves generate no pressure drop when completely ajar, allowing natural gas appliances to operate at maximum capacity. They are suitable for the primary valve that regulates the gas supply to one’s house. Don’t forget to give it a quarter turn to open and close when utilizing a tool!

Globe Valves: Controlling Pressure in the Petroleum and Natural Gas Industry

Globe valves for gas
globe valves for gas

Globe valves are the water supply and oil and gas industries’ unheralded champions. Although not as well-known as the other, the gate valves are equally significant.

The significance of globe valves lies in their capacity to regulate flow instead of being an on/off switch. Their forms are spherical. They contain a disc that can adjust to control the flow of gas. This makes them a good choice for changing flow rates, like when installing natural gas appliances.

Check Valves: Safety and Backflow Prevention

Check valve for gas
Check valve for gas.

Consider the occurrence of a comparable within your gas line, referred to as backflow. In these circumstances, individuals utilize check valves.

Check valves restrict gas passage to a single direction—out of the gas line and into the appliances. If the gas attempts to ascend the line, the valve will close automatically. Comparable to a one-way street, this ensures that the gas flow remains constant throughout the entire house.

Plug Valves: Essential for Unrefined Oil Products

Plug valves for oil and gas
Plug valves for oil and gas

To regulate the passage of gas, plug valves, as their name implies, use a plug. Petroleum and natural gas facilities frequently use them to store unrefined oil products.

Why? The valve’s open position allows for smooth flow, ensuring high flow rates due to its design. Furthermore, their reduced number of potential escape points renders them a reliable option for high-pressure gas systems. Although plug valves may not be optimal for all circumstances, they are convenient when required.

Ball Valves: Sealing and Rapid Shutoff

Sealing and rapid shutoff valve
Sealing and rapid shutoff valve

The ball valve’s capability to halt gas flow is remarkable. Their quarter-turn operation makes them ideal for emergencies.

Also, it starts from there. Ball valves are better at sealing exits than older valve types, making them more effective. For this reason, plumbers, gas valve manufacturers, and wholesaler companies recommend installing them in newer residences.

Butterfly Valves: Light, Simple, and Perfect for High-Pressure Pipelines

Butterfly valves pipeline
Butterfly valves pipeline

Butterfly valves get their name from their design, resembling a stretched-out butterfly when open. They are an excellent, lightweight, and uncomplicated method for regulating gas flow in high-pressure conduits.

A 90-degree rotating handle makes it simple to open or close the valve. Remember that this natural gas shut-off valve could regulate the flow rate more effectively. They function optimally in systems that need complete closure or reopening.

A Reliable Safety Precaution in the Gas Sector: Slam-Shut Valves

Overpressure protection valves, also known as slam-shut valves, serve as the protectors of the gas industry. When pressure gets too high, they stop gas flow to protect your property and appliances from damage.

Propane and liquefied petroleum gas are vital safety factors in many gas systems. The Benefits of Ball Valves Over Traditional Gas Valves

New to the family of gas valves, ball valves have become the choice. However, these gas shut-off valves have many benefits compared to traditional ones. Moreover, their sealing capabilities are the most notable. Ball valves ensure a secure closure, reducing the likelihood of gas leakage.

They are also simple to operate. An instantaneous quarter-turn is sufficient to halt the gas flow. They do not need to fiddle with a wrench or pliers, as with certain other valves. Experts expect ball valves to become famous for natural gas appliances.

Slam shut valves
Slam shut valves

How to Locate and Identify Your Gas Shut-Off Valve

The gas primary location will differ according to the house’s place and the home’s condition. It sits on the exterior of the dwelling. Large-scale buildings with many gas meters need a central valve to regulate the gas supply for the entire structure.

Most homes have two main shut-off valves. One is inside the house for homeowners to use, and the other is outside and owned by the utility company.

Homeowners should only use the valve inside the house, not outside. Homeowners should only use the valve inside the house, not outside. There may be ancient residences that lack a house-side valve.

  • The gas meter is near the street-side primary shut-off valve, and you should only use it if the house-side valve malfunctions. Typically, people locate the meter outside the house. Older homes may conceal it in the basement.
  • This is where the gas line enters the building. When positioned in the basement, the meter often faces a window, allowing for external examination. Position this valve on the inlet side of the gas meter.
  • The homeowner places the main shut-off valve on the house side where the line enters the house. We may not know the exact moment, but it will always happen before a pipe coupling or appliance connection. The black iron conduit that leads to it distinguishes it.

When Should the Gas Valve Shut Off?

Only turn off the main gas line to your home in an emergency. This includes if you smell gas, hear it hissing, see a break, or suspect a leak. Disconnecting the gas line is essential for safety reasons.

Acting quickly in these situations is crucial to prevent any potential hazards. In such circumstances, immediately evacuate all occupants and contact your gas provider. Turning off the gas supply should only occur when it is safe.

We install a new shut-off valve for your home’s furnace, stove, dryer, and other gas appliances. This will be in addition to the main gas shut-off valves. Before an emergency, familiarize yourself with the location and procedure for shutting off your home’s gas supply.

Factors to Consider for Selecting the Right Type of Gas Shut-off Valves

Media Type

When selecting a natural gas shutoff valve material, one must consider the properties of the liquid or gas in question. Brass valves are an excellent option to ensure safety when monitoring pressurized gases. Brass is the most employed material when working with combustible gases.

Application Conditions

Determining the gas valve’s application condition is crucial in deciding which valve is most suitable for a given application. So, deciding on the required pressure, temperature, and discharge rate is necessary.

Pressure and temperature ranges vary between valves. For example, brass valves are more resistant to high temperatures and pressures than their plastic counterparts.


You must understand chemical compatibility requirements in addition to temperature and pressure specifications.

It is imperative to ensure the valve’s materials are compatible with the gases or liquids trailing it. Plastic valves are more resistant to caustic or corrosive compounds than metal valves.

Mode of Operation

Another crucial factor to consider is the valve’s mode of operation. Determine whether the valve requires manual operation or actuation.

To actuate the device, determine whether to use an electric, hydraulic, or pneumatic actuator.

Maintenance Requirements

Maintaining each component is essential. Gas ball valves are optimal for systems that need routine maintenance.

Their resistance to obstruction makes them among the most straightforward valves to maintain.

Ball valves have three parts: a body and two end caps. This design allows for the cleaning of the main body section without the need to detach the end caps from the pipe.

A structure of this simplicity averts the line’s end while undergoing maintenance.

Valves’ Functions

What is the function of the valve that you need? Utilize a 2-way valve when you require to activate or deactivate a system. To divert or blend media and control on/off, a 3-way valve is better. Additionally, you should consider if you will close or open the valve.

Safe Usage and Maintenance Practices for Gas Shutoff Valves

Gas shutoff valves serve as the safety guards for your gas system. Thus, handle them with care by adhering to the following safety recommendations:

Regularly inspect your gas valves: 

Verify that all valves are operational and inspect for symptoms of damage or deterioration.

Apply lubricant: 

It is necessary to apply lubricant, as valves can deteriorate over time with usage. Lubrication can aid in maintaining their proper operation. Before using any lubricant, consult your local codes. Also, refer to valve manufacturers’ and wholesalers’ instructions for the gas shut-off valves.

Inspect the Valves: 

First, ensure the pilot lights are out before turning off the gas valve. After a minute:

  1. Turn it back on.
  2. Observe for gurgling noises, which could indicate a gas release.
  3. As soon as you suspect a problem, contact your gas provider.

Never Force a Valve: 

Never attempt to compel a valve that is not functioning correctly. Obtain a professional plumber’s diagnosis of the problem.

Always remember that a properly maintained gas valve system is critical to the security of your residence.


We discuss different types of gas shut off valves, their working, and how to choose the best one for your situation. Every kind of pressure regulation valve serves a distinct function. These types of shut-off valves ensure the security of a residential or commercial building. People use globe valves for pressure regulation and ball valves for rapid shut-offs.

You’ll be able to understand your gas system by adhering to safety guidelines. Performing regular upkeep and consulting experts are also necessary to enhance the lifespan.

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