Bibcock Taps: Types, Working, and Applications

In this blog post, you’ll read:Biblicks are the taps that we use in daily life. Their name is so because of their structure and appearance. Faucets are one of the most vital plumbing products.
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Biblicks are the taps that we use in daily life. Their name is so because of their structure and appearance. Faucets are one of the most vital plumbing products. We need them everywhere, from homes to offices and at different sites. Knowing about Bibcock’s work and types is crucial to get the best out of it.

What are Bibcock Taps?

Babcocks are a type of tap that has a nozzle bent downward. It controls the flow of liquid and can also regulate it. We use these taps most commonly for sinks and outdoor use. They provide the best regulation and serve for a longer time than traditional taps.

Bibcocks also serve as regulatory valves. They have good maintenance for regulatory purposes. Frequent returning of taps does not affect them. Therefore, we use these taps where we need regular operation. Bibcock is a practical and economical option for your use.

Brass Bibcock
Brass Bibcock

When it comes to water flow management in homes, gardens, and industrial settings, few elements play as pivotal a role as the humble bibcock tap. This seemingly simple contraption proves its worth daily, offering controlled access to water and other liquids. As with most tools, the Bibcock tap’s value lies in its functionality and understanding of its different aspects, such as sizes, materials, and application scenarios.

History and Evolution of the Bibcock Tap

Originally, bibcock taps were rudimentary, serving as straightforward on-off mechanisms for water. Over time, with advancements in materials and manufacturing techniques, their design and functionality have been refined to meet various requirements and standards across domestic and industrial setups.

Sizes: One Size Doesn’t Fit All

The size of a bibcock tap is crucial. Common sizes range from 1/2 inch to 1 inch, depending on the purpose and location of use. For instance:

  • Household taps, especially those meant for gardens, typically use a 1/2-inch or 3/4-inch bibcock.
  • To handle greater water flow rates, industrial applications might employ larger sizes, up to 1 inch.

Types of Bibcock Taps:

Bibcock taps are downward-facing faucets. For multiple purposes, we use their relative types. Most commonly, the following three are the types of bibcock taps, depending upon their structure.

Dzr Bibcock Taps
DR Bibcock Tap
  • Long Body Bibcock Taps: The long body type has a design having a bent nozzle with a considerable length. The bent pipe with nozzle has extra height, creating a curve and running downward. The extra length serves many functions. It provides more space between the all and the dripping water point. Hence, long body valves are suitable for sinks, washing, collecting water, etc.
Product:  Long body single Bibcock tap.
Material: Brass Body, zinc alloy handle, Chrome Plated.
Standard: OEM/EDM   
Pressure: 0.8 MPa
Medium: Hot and Cold water.
Applications: Sink, Basins, Bathroom, kitchen, and outdoor uses.
Long body specifications chart
  • Two-Way Bibcock Tap: Two-way Bibcock is a modern type of bibcock tap. They come with dual connections. One of which brings water from the primary source, which we can connect to the second outlet with some other faucet. It can be a hand shower or a commode. It gives the customized option and saves less space for dual purposes. Most commonly, we use them to avoid extra-angle valves.
Product: Stainless Steel Two-way bibcock Tap.
Material: Stainless Steel.
Internal Diameter:  35_40
Pressure: Regular.
Working Temperature: Regular.
Applications: Water operation, bathrooms, kitchen household purposes.
2-way specs chart
  • One-way Bibcock Tap: One-way bibcock taps are the most common bib. They have a single outlet as in traditional taps. One-way taps often connect with hoses or pipelines. They can undergo regular hosedowns. They are perfect for regulation purposes. These days are tested for several thousand shut off and stand the test of time.
Product:  One Way Bibcock Tap.
Material:  Brass with Silver Finish.
Size: 43, 18, 6.5.
Pressure: 0.1 _ 1.2 MPa
Working Temperature: Regular.
Applications: Common Basin, Stemmed Basin.
One-way bibcock tap specs chart

Working of Bibcock Taps:

Bibcock taps serve the function of maintaining flow. Firstly, it connects with your house’s water source or supply line. Water flows out of the Bibcock when you turn it on. Similarly, turning off the tap stops water. Bibcock turns on when we turn the handle anti-clockwise. It releases the pressure from the washer inside the bib by moving the spindle upside through back spinning.  

The spindle movement provides extra space for the washer to slide up. At the same time, water from the primary source heavily pushes the washer from the seat due to its pressure. It enables the valve seat to open from where water flows out of the tap.

To turn off the water supply, we spin the handle clockwise. It reverses the same position. The spindle goes downward from the thread, which brings the washer down. The spindle pressure increases, which seals the valve seat and washer. In this condition, water can not flow across the tap and is stopped.

Bibcock Tap Works With Check Valve
Bibcock Tap Works With Check Valve

Material Matters: Building a Resilient Tap

The choice of material determines the tap’s durability, resistance to environmental factors, and suitability for various fluids.

  1. Brass: A popular choice due to its robustness and resistance to corrosion. Brass bibcocks offer longevity and are suitable for both indoor and outdoor installations.
  2. Stainless Steel: Renowned for its rust-resistance and polished look, stainless steel taps are often preferred for upscale installations.
  3. Plastic/PVC: While not as sturdy as metal variants, plastic bibcocks are lightweight, resistant to rust, and often used in gardens.

Understanding the Mechanism

The mechanism inside a bibcock tap generally employs a washer that seals off the water flow when the tap is closed. Over time, this washer can wear out, leading to drips. Modern bibcocks sometimes use ceramic plates, which tend to have a longer lifespan than traditional washers.

Features to Look For

Modern bibcock taps come with a range of features:

  1. Anti-Freeze Design: Some taps are designed to prevent water from freezing inside, making them perfect for colder regions.
  2. Lockable: To prevent unauthorized access, especially in public spaces.
  3. Extended Levers: For easier operation, especially in industrial setups.
  4. Multiple Outlets: Some designs offer multiple outlets from a single tap, making it versatile for various tasks.

Structure of Bibcock Tap: 

Bibcocks are available in many different structures. Production depends upon their function and usage. Yet, the most common type is the one that comes with a washer. It has some other part collectively responsible for making up the bib structure. Below are the parts of bibcock taps and their function.

bib cock Tap drawings
Bibcock Tap drawings
  • The handle is the essential part with the help of which we regulate flow. It can be a whole turn or a quarter turn. The handle can also help mix hot and cold water. Anti-lockwise and clockwise movements turn on or off the water supply.
  • A Ceramic Disc Cartridge is a flow-regulating valve in most modern bib taps. Two ceramic discs in a relevant position are present. Holes lie within this disc, which is responsible for the flow of water. One of these discs is movable, while the other is fixed to the base. When in an aligned position, they let the water across, and in a nonaligned form, they prevent flow. They mix hot and cold water and majorly contribute to the tap.
  • Body: The body is the central part where all the pieces are joined and work properly. It can be brass, zinc alloy, copper, stainless steel, etc. In this part, the water mixing cartridge lies. Both the input and output are located here. The tap connects with the water source and leaves from the nozzle. The body of the bib tap provides a cover for the internal apparatus.
  • Washer: Washer is responsible for basin protection. It balances the pressure evenly throughout so that the bib might function correctly. It lies at the bottom of the stem between the valve seat and the stem. It ensures no leakage occurs.
  • Aerator: The mixed water enters the aerator, a part held by the body towards the nozzle. Aerator gives flow shape, for instance, a straightening effect. Sometimes, it serves to prevent flow.
  • Nozzle: The nozzle is the bibcock tap point, providing a path for water exits. It can be wider or smaller depending upon the use. The nozzle lies at the end of the downward-facing bib hose.
  • Threaded Bar: This part of the bib tap connects the faucet and the water source. It contains thread opposite to that on the basin head. Then, it is tightly held above there at the top.
  • Seal and O-Ring: Seal tightens the nozzle to ensure leakage prevention. At the same time, the O-ring seals the Bibcock to the basin or sinks so that no water leaks from the base.
  • Grub Screw Cover: The grub screw cover either tightens or loosens the handle connected to the cartridge. For hot and cold water mixing taps, it serves as an indicator.
garden bibcock tap spare parts
Garden bibcock tap spare parts

Applications of Bibcock Tap: 

Applications: Indoor applications of bibcock taps include use in kitchens, bathrooms, etc. They work well in sinks, toilets, and water supply lines. Outdoor applications of bibcock taps include their excessive use in gardens and hose pipes. We can also install them for outdoor services on a sink, etc. Bibcock taps are also applicable in industries. They can handle several liquids or chemicals and can serve as regulation or mixing taps. Bibcocks work well in open places, and their life span is quite good in such conditions. 

While primarily known for controlling water flow, bibcock taps have diverse applications:

  • Household: Kitchen, garden, garage, and bathroom installations.
  • Industry: Factories often use them for various liquids, not just water. Taps made of specific materials and designs are employed depending on the fluid.
  • Agriculture: Farms and greenhouses use bibcock taps for irrigation systems.

Reading Recommendation: How To Install Hose Bib Cock On Commercial And Residential Water Applications?

Why Choose Bibcock Taps?

Several reasons justify the use of bib taps over traditional taps. Let’s check them out.

  • Bib taps offer a whole range of variety. They have modern appearances with excellent finishing. Bib taps are available in designs from classy to deluxe types. Their outlook is impressive and appeals to the viewers.
  • Bib cock Taps are easy to operate. We can quickly turn them in and off. They take less external power and pressure to perform. Also, bib Taps serve dual functions. They can also work as mixing taps and as regulator taps.
  • The versatile nature of bib taps makes them irresistible. They depict great aesthetic senses along with an excellent performance period. We can use them for more than one purpose. For example, we can attach the same bib tap with a hose pipe for outdoor use and fill buckets without a hose.
  • Bib taps are equally effective for both indoor and outdoor uses. They work the same in the garden and the bathroom or kitchen. They either come with water mixers or can be without them. This way or the other, their working capacity is impressive.
  • Bibcock taps undergo standard testing to make sure they stand thousands of manual operations without any error. It speaks up for the credibility and maintenance of these taps.
Irrigation hose bibb cock tap with 1/2 inch
Irrigation hose bibb cock tap with 1/2 inch

Installation Tips

While installing a bibcock tap might seem straightforward, some guidelines ensure a leak-proof fit and long life:

  1. Always ensure the tap is mounted on a solid surface.
  2. Using the correct size of the wrench or spanner prevents damage to the tap.
  3. Teflon tape on the threads ensures a watertight connection.
  4. Regularly check for leaks or drips, as they indicate wear and might require replacement of parts.

Maintenance: Ensuring Longevity

Regular maintenance extends the life of your bibcock tap:

  1. Periodically check for mineral deposits and clean them.
  2. For taps with traditional washers, replace the washer if you notice drips when the tap is closed.
  3. In colder regions, ensure the tap is drained before winter to prevent freezing and subsequent damage.


Babcock taps work best when you choose the correct fixture. They are available in thousands of designs and functions, but make sure to prepare your buying list for the best product.

Check the product’s lifetime, working, etc., before buying it. PlumberStar has a stunning and excellent variety of bibcocks where you will get the perfect picks. You can Get the premium quality Bibcock taps here.  

In Conclusion

While simple in appearance, the bibcock tap is a testament to human ingenuity in harnessing and controlling nature. Whether you’re installing a new tap in your garden, setting up an irrigation system, or managing water flow in an industry, understanding the nuances of this tool ensures you get the most out of it. Like many things in life, the Bibcock tap reminds us that beauty and efficiency often lie in simplicity.

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