Spring Vs.Check Valve;Difference Between Them

In this blog post, you’ll read:It is a valve that ensures a unidirectional stream and stops the reverse flow. Yet, one outlet and inlet should be put in a direction to work accurately. A bolt that focuses in the stream direction is on the side of the spring check valve and all check valves. Spring check valves are alluded to as one-way or non-return valves. A spring check valve aims to stop the reverse use of a spring and strain put on a disc to close the valve.
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Valves are mechanical devices used to control the flow of either gases or liquids. Based on their design, most valves control the flow and pressure, whether to start and stop the flow or avoid possible backflow within a system. They are, therefore, crucial components for many pipelines and process systems. Swing check and spring check valves are two common types with various applications.

Swing check valves, which use a movable cover, prevent reverse flow in systems with horizontal forward flow. Spring check valves, which use a spring-loaded plunger system, also prevent reverse flow. It is helpful to comprehend the distinctions between these two valves to learn the most suitable valve for a specific system or application.

What is a Swing Check Valve?

swing check valve 200wog
swing check valve 200wog

Swing check valves are designed to permit flow in one direction and close to the lock by the fracture pressure. It features an orifice of the valve hidden by a hinged disc. The disc can swing open or shut depending on the flow of the media. Flow entering and exiting the body of the valves has to be in the direction shown by the arrow on the side of the valve body.

The pressure of the flow pushes open the disc or door to permit flow passage. Due to the force of the liquid or media against the flow, the same force causes the disc to close if the flow is moving in the wrong direction.

What is a Spring Check Valve?

spring check valve with plastic pin
spring check valve with plastic pin

A spring check valve is a valve that prevents the return of flow and ensures one-way flow. It uses springs in selection for its operation, processes one inlet, and assures the exhaust. An arrow is mounted on the side of a spring check valve, as in all check valves, identifying the flow’s flow. Check spring-loaded valves, which are also referred to as one-way or non-return valves. A spring check valve is constructed to prevent backflow while exerting pressure on a disk and using a spring to close the valve.

A check valve should have a differential pressure to the intent that the flow changes from high to low pressure. Low brake pressure on the inlet side allows flow past the valve in contrast to spring strength.

What Are the Differences Between Swing and Spring Check Valve?


The installation methods of swing check valves and spring check valves are also distinct. Swing check valves have a more elevated seat arrangement when compared with spring check valves, the valves are unsuitable for vertical installations because of the inability to rotate open,, making the valves unsuitable for use. It is, thereby, right to say that spring check valves are the ideal choice for most applications that can be installed either longitudinally or vertically.


Swing and spring check valves can also exhibit large performance variations. Due to their design, swing check valves may show a greater resistance to flow, resulting in a decrease in system pressure.

Additionally, they are susceptible to water impact and can generate vibrations that can cause damage to the conduit. In contrast, spring check valves offer a more consistent and gentler operation, with minimal to no vibrations and water impact.

Working Mechanism

For instance, spring check valves and swing check valves function on different principles. Swing check valve is kept closed due to gravity and functions on a swinging action. As the fluid passes in the direction of flow, the swing check valve opens without any resistance, and the load on the fluid causes the valve to close as the flow is reversed.

Spring check valves have a disk supplied with a spring. The valve opens against the spring when the pressure on the inlet side surpasses that of the exhaust. The valve is closed by the disk forced back against the spring as the flow reverses.


Also, the maintenance requirements can help determine the most appropriate valve for your pipework. The design of spring check valves is straightforward and easy to maintain. It is possible to replace the spring, seat, and disc by removing the valve inserted in the valve’s sfalves of the pipeline.

However, this does make swing check valves a hell of a lot harder and more time-consuming to maintain, as they are built with this design and require a careful swinging type of device alignment.


  • Applications of Spring Check Valves

Spring check valves are applicable in many areas dealing with water conduits and systems. Their purpose is to protect equipment from damage that may occur from backflow and, finally, protection from system failures and contamination. Spring check valves can also help a system not exceed the pressure and thus enable everything to work safely and well in a good environment.

  • Application of Swing Check Valves

Swing check valves are used with various media, from gases and liquids, firefighting equipment, and flooding prevention in sewerage systems to lavatory discharge mechanisms.

  • Cost

Cost will be an important influence on which check valve will be best suited for your application needs. In most cases, the swing check valve will be less expensive versus the spring check valve.

Conversely, it would be a good idea to verify the higher cost of swing check valve maintenance and replacement, which could turn out to be relatively more significant. However, the total cost of ownership can be lowered over time due to increased reliability and less expensive maintenance of spring check valves despite their higher initial costs.

Swing Check Valve Standard Size



















1 ¼”



1 ½”






2 ½”









Materials Required to Make Swing and Spring Check Valves

Spring and swing check valves must have appropriate materials to tolerate the pressure. They need to be experienced to stand up to an application’s demanding conditions and standards. The selection of materials used to fabricate the spring and swing check valves depends on temperature, pressure, corrosion level, and media type.

The process of materials selection includes the cost of the final product and the amount of wear the valve will be subjected to. Certain resilient materials are more expensive than others.

Materials for Springs and Swing Check Valve

Ductile iron

ductile iron check valve
ductile iron check valve

Iron’s iron and available nature make it ideal for producing swing and spring check valves. It exhibits satisfactory impact absorption capabilities, but it is also protected against corrosion.


brass bar
Brass bar

Brass swing and spring check valves are suitable for high temperatures and pressure. The materials are cheaper compared to steel, and they can be cast and machined to fit almost any kind of configuration of check valves. Copper, brass, plastic, aluminum, and welded steel are the valid materials for connecting brass check valves.


bronze spring check valve
bronze spring check valve

Several advantageous attributes render bronze an exceptional material for the production of check valves. It is low-cost, corrosion-resistant, and highly ductile, which prevents splitting.

Stainless Steel

stainless steel swing check valve
stainless steel swing check valve

Swing and spring check valves are constructed from stainless steel. The metal is an ideal choice for a diverse array of check valve applications due to its resistance to oxidation and corrosion, among other qualities.

Utilizing Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)

Durability, resilience, abrasion resistance, and lightweight are the chief features of PVC check valves. PVC does not corrode or have rusting tendencies, which mainly causes the use of many metallic valves.

The outstanding durability of PVC ensures that these valves are in use for an extended period of time. The ease of installation is the main reason PVC spring and pivot check valves are a popular choice.

Because of the nature of PVC and its ability to adapt and remain flexible, spring and swing check valves can be supplied in a number of different configurations to meet the needs of a wide variety of applications. PVC swing check valves are often used in pumping systems.

utilizing polyvinyl chloride (pvc) check valve
utilizing polyvinyl chloride (PVC) check valve

Types of Spring Check Valve and Swing Check Valve Connections

There are many ways to connect swing and spring check valves to the pipeline. Some common connections are the flanged, threaded, welded, sweat, and press to help ensure a tight seal between the valve and the pipeline.

Each of the numerous forms of connections provides the proper venting between the conduit system and the check swing or spring valve it houses. The appropriate operation of the valves depends on the correct connection.

Spring and Swing Check Valve Connectors

Sweat Fitting

Swing or spring check valve openings are larger than the conduit in a sweat fitting. They slip over the pipe and are soldered so that the solder is allowed to fill the space between the pipe and the valve fitting. Copper piping is usually used for this purpose.

Flanged Connection

Flanged connections are sturdy and can be used to attach any conduit system, regardless of the pressure or the valve size. Bolts fasten the two flanges, one at the inlet and the other at the outflow.

Press Fittings

Press connectors are the upcoming type of connecting without welding and soldering. A hydraulic device presses specially designed connectors at each end to join the spring or a pivot valve. A sealing element is pressed, establishing an even, smooth, and reliable connection. Other names by which they are known include crimping, but press-connect joining sounds good.

Welded Connection

A welded connection is needed for a more reliable joint connection without leaks. The valve-swing and spring connection will cost more, but it is quite safe, broken, and is a tight connection.

Welded connections are applied where it is essential to avoid leakage, namely very high-pressure and high-temperature conduit lines.

Threaded Connections

Threaded connections form the basic connection of valves into the pipes and are used in the pipeline of low-pressure systems for small valves. To achieve a confident and safe connection, they are screwed onto the threaded conduit and threaded their specifies.


A spring check valve is a check valve that protects reverse flow, ensuring that flow moves in one direction. They need to be installed in the right direction to work and feature an inlet and outflow. A closing disc is held within these valves by a spring until the amount of pressure is imposed to allow the spring to compress and take the disc away from the pipe opening.

A swing check valve allows flow in one direction and is operated by automatic close while fracture pressure drops. They are of the same class as butterfly valves with a valve orifice housing a disc in it. The swinging check valves operate by having the hinged disc opened by the force of the flow in the media. This is the order in which spring and swing check valves are utilized with a rationale for their use, which includes reliability, ease of installation, and lower maintenance.

Valve Solutions from Plumberstar

Plumberstar has been offering its clients valve solutions that are unparalleled in the industry. Our global market comprises customers from sectors including plumbing, commercial, and HVAC. All our products are manufactured in-house at our state-of-the-art facilities, which provides us with unparalleled quality control. During quality control, we also conduct 100% air testing to confirm the effectiveness of each valve.

Please contact us today to get more information about our valve solutions and their potential advantages for your operation.

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